Food supplies were soon exhausted. From Council Bluffs, Iowa to Fort Bridger in Wyoming, the trail follows much the same route as the Oregon Trail and the California Trail; these trails are collectively known as the Emigrant Trail. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake Valley in 1846-1847. In all, the Mormon Trail stretched about 1,300 miles. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Mormon Trail Center at Historic Winter Quarters, National Historic Trails Interpretive Center, "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sugar Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Richardson's Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chariton River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Locust Creek", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Nishnabotna River Crossing", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Grand Encampment", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Council Bluffs", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Platte River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Loup Fork", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Kearny", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Confluence Point", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Ash Hollow", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Chimney Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Scotts Bluff", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Laramie", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Upper Platte (Mormon) Ferry", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Sweetwater River", "Ninth Crossing of the Sweetwater (Burnt Ranch)", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Independence Rock", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Devil's Gate", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Martin's Cove", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Green River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Fort Bridger", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Bear River", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / The Needles", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Echo Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Big Mountain", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Golden Pass Road", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Emigration Canyon", "The Pioneer Story / Trail Location / Salt Lake Valley", "Gathering the Dispersed Nauvoo Saints, 1847–52", "Following the Wagon Wheels of the Latter-Day Saints", National Park Service site on the Mormon trail, Photos and history of the trail in Wyoming, National Mormon National Trail itinerary in Iowa, Washington–Rochambeau Revolutionary Route, Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Water Trail, Mississippi River Water Trail (MRWT) Great River Water Trail, Missouri National Recreational River Water Trail, Historic sites of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mormon_Trail&oldid=995067819, National Historic Trails of the United States, Units of the National Landscape Conservation System, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 19 December 2020, at 01:31. An American Exodus. This journey for the Mormon immigrants began in 1846 in Nauvoo, Illinois and ended in Salt Lake City, Utah. However, the fourth and fifth companies, known as the Willie and Martin Companies, respectively, had serious problems. 3. Along their way, some were assigned to establish settlements and to plant and harvest crops for later emigrants. The trip would take anywhere from 4 to 7 months for a pioneer family to complete and preparing for the trip took over a year. For some families, it took 100 days just to traverse around 1,000 miles of distance. Meanwhile, along the California Trail and Oregon Trail, Mormon travelers could cover around 15 miles per day. It played a big part in terms of Mormon migration. Led by Jason Lee, its members joined a party headed by New England merchant Nathaniel Wyeth. Test. 6. Among the emigrants were the Mormon handcart pioneers of 1856–60. 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The Mormon Trail was a 1,300 mile path from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City Utah, used between 1846 and 1857 by members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormons). During the first few years, the emigrants were mostly former occupants of Nauvoo who were following Young to Utah. These are ready-to-use The Mormon Trail worksheets that are perfect for teaching students about the Mormon Trail which refers to the route taken by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (more commonly known as Mormons) from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what is now known as the state of Utah. A few days later, the Carthage Convention called for establishment of a militia that would force them out if they failed to meet the May deadline. [3], Young now had to lead the Saints into the far west, without knowing exactly where to go or where they would end up. The Mormon Trail extends from Nauvoo, Illinois, which was the principal settlement of the Latter Day Saints from 1839 to 1846, to Salt Lake City, Utah, which was settled by Brigham Young and his followers beginning in 1847. Explore the Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail across five states to see the 1,300-mile route traveled by Mormons who fled Nauvoo, Illinois, to … After leaving, they aimed to establish a new home for the church in the Great Basin and crossed Iowa. Click the button below to get instant access to these worksheets for use in the classroom or at a home. The Mormon Trail was the route that the Mormons took to their new home in the West in the mid-1800s. Smith said that he had been directed to the plates by an angel named Moroni, who also had given him divine tools for translating the ancient inscriptions into English. The following are major points along the trail at which the early Mormon pioneers stopped, established temporary camps, or used as landmarks and meeting places. In March, 2010, the 100 millionth copy of the Book of Mormon was printed. In US history, the Mormon Trail refers to the route taken by the members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (more commonly known as Mormons) from Nauvoo, Illinois, to the Great Salt Lake in what is now known as the state of Utah. [8], In April 1847, chosen members of the vanguard company gathered, final supplies were packed, and the group was organized into 14 military companies. The company pushed on through South Pass, rafted across the Green River, and arrived at Fort Bridger on July 7. You spend an average of 12 hours/week (minimum) involved in Church activities. The trail covers 1,300 miles from Nauvoo, Illinois, to Salt Lake City, Utah. 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