The Seven Management and Planning Tools are Process Decision Program Charts (PDPC), interrelationship digraphs, tree diagrams, prioritization matrices, activity network diagrams, matrix diagrams, and affinity diagrams.. Also known as KJ Diagrams, affinity diagrams were first created by Jiro Kawakita in the 1960s. It is a project management technique that is very effective during brainstorming sessions in order to organize ideas. The affinity diagram is an idea creation technique which goes by different names, such as thematic analysis, affinity chart, and K-J Method. Teams use affinity diagrams as a way to see data come to life, and physically moving the data around helps immerse the team in it even more. After generating ideas, group them according to their affinity, or similarity. An affinity diagram is a diagram constructed out of a large set of ideas or opinions by grouping together similar or related ideas into logical groups. Affinity diagrams are a great method to help you make sense of all your information when you have a lot of mixed data, such as facts, ethnographic research, ideas from brainstorms, user opinions, user needs, insights, and design issues. An Affinity Diagram is a tool that is used to organize ideas, opinions, and issues and sort them into groups, based on their natural relationships. Affinity diagram is usually made within groups of people and helps to list all the ideas or issues which should be addressed so it is like a group activity. Here are some things you should know for affinity diagram PMP … They come in … Possibly invented by Jiro Kawakita and thus sometimes referred to as the K-J method, an affinity diagram is a good technique for identifying & displaying potential root causes for unfamiliar problems.. An affinity diagram gathers large amounts of data and organizes it into meaningful groups, relationships, and patterns. First of all, the major problem is defined. Then each team member writes an issue related to the problem on his/her card. Use it to generate, organize, and consolidate information related to a product, process, complex issue, or problem. You build an affinity diagram in four easy steps: Affinity diagram provides a visual presentation of a grouping of a large number of related items or data to help in organizing action plans. The following example comes from a hospital setting. It is a method of arranging an enormous amount of ideas into their essential relationships. An affinity diagram is an excellent creativity and productivity tool – so long as you know how to use one effectively. Affinity diagrams can be created using digital tools, but one of the most effective real-world options is the use of sticky notes. The cards are then placed on a flat surface for everyone to see. If you have a lot of mixed data, such as statistics, user preferences, customer desires, observations, and design problems, these diagrams are a perfect way to help you make sense of all the knowledge. Each of the sticky notes represents a data point, and the team is free to move and group these in a way that makes sense to them. Very similar to a cause-and-effect diagram in that brainstormed ideas are segregated into categories. Affinity diagrams or clustering exercises are all about bundling and grouping information, and this method can be one of the most valuable methods to employ. An affinity diagram may be utilized by project teams in manual project planning when working in an area with incomplete knowledge. An affinity diagram is a tool used in project management to organize a large amount of ideas and data which are often results after brainstorming. 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